OceanCanada Director Wins 2017 Volvo Environment Prize
Congratulations to Rashid Sumaila, who has won the 2017 Volvo Environment Prize for his research in fisheries economics and marine governance. The prize recognizes outstanding scientific discoveries and innovations within the environmental field. Professor Sumaila will formally receive the award at a ceremony in Stockholm on November 29, 2017. A video chronicling his achievements will be released on that date.
William Cheung awarded Prix d’ Excellence Award
William Cheung, Co-lead of OceanCanada’s National Data and Integrated Scenarios Working Group (NDIS) and Lead of the Changing Oceans Cross-Cutting Theme, was awarded the Prix d’ Excellence Award by the International Council for the Exploration of the Sea (ICES) for his important contributions in marine sciences. The award was conferred at the ICES Annual Science Conference (ASC) on September 18, 2017.
Malta Declaration on Global Ocean Protection
Rashid Sumaila was a signatory to the Malta Declaration: Assessing Real Progress towards Effective Ocean Protection, which addresses the following:
- Fully protected (no-take) marine reserves are the most effective type of protected area in the ocean;
- Current protection has been overestimated;
- MPAs that don’t provide real protection should not count as “protected areas.”
The Declaration was presented at the Our Ocean conference in Malta,
October 6, 2017. Other signatories were Kirsten Grorud-Colvert, Oregon State University; Jane Lubchenco, Oregon State University; Catherine Novelli, Former Undersecretary of State, Department of State, USA; Callum Roberts, University of York; and Enric Sala, National Geographic Society.
OceanCanada Researcher in MPA News and MEAM News
PARTNER & COLLABORATOR NEWS
Joint Oceana – OceanCanada Workshop
OceanCanada held a one-day workshop with partner Oceana Canada at UBC on September 13, 2017. The purpose of the workshop was to investigate whether rebuilding Canada’s fisheries makes economic sense, by analysing the socio-economic benefits of fisheries rebuilding under different scenarios. Participants, who included academics as well as people directly involved in Canada’s fisheries, formulated criteria for species to focus on, identified socio-economic indicators, and discussed possible management scenarios. They also identified other issues that need further study, such as how fisheries benefits are currently distributed, whether there is a need for legislation, how to determine levels of recovery, and who will be the future beneficiaries of rebuilding fisheries.
Environment, Sustainability and Society (ESS) lecture series at Dalhousie University
Paul Greenberg, bestselling American author who focuses on ocean and environmental issues, launched the ESS Fall Lecture Series at Dalhousie University on September 14, 2017. The title of his talk was “Fishing, Farming and the Future of the Last Wild Food.” The event was co-sponsored with Afishionado Fishmongers and OceanCanada.
Northern Nunaliit Users Workshop at Geomatics and Cartographic Research Centre (GCRC), Carleton University
In September 2017, Dr. Fraser Taylor and the GCRC at Carleton University hosted a 3-day workshop in Chelsea, Quebec for Canadian Indigenous and northern research partners. The goals of the workshop were to share knowledge and approaches to Indigenous community data documentation and stewardship in the north; learn new skills for working with Nunaliit; identify new partners and opportunities for strengthening the collective; plan future cross-community data integration projects; identify funding sources for sustainable research, development and support of Nunaliit; and collaboratively plan a roadmap for future Nunaliit framework development. The workshop was co-funded by the Social Sciences and Humanities Research Council and Indigenous and Northern Affairs Canada.
October 25. Interview with Rashid Sumalia about his research protecting the future of our oceans and marine life that led to him receiving the 2017 Volvo Environmental Prize. Roundhouse Radio.
October 16. Sustainable fisheries solution earns prestigious environmental prize for UBC economist. Vancouver Sun.
October 16. Sustainable fisheries solution earns prestigious environmental prize for UBC economist. The Province.
October 16. The protector of the oceans receives the Volvo Environment Prize. Business Insider.
October 9. Marine insurers join the fight against illegal fishing.
October 5. How vulnerable are fish to climate change? An algorithm might tell you. News Deeply.
October 4. La Economía Azul: se acerca una revolución industrial en los océanos. Latin American Science.
October 4. Un tercio de las especies marinas están en riesgo por el cambio climático. ABC.es.
October 2. Le temperature aumentano e i pesci sono costretti a emigrare.
Wise Society Italia.
October 2. Réchauffement climatique : les poissons souffrent aussi !LesEcos.ma.
September 29. Illegal fishing on the Galápagos high seas. Science.
September 26. 5 things: B.C.’s climate losers and winners. Vancouver Sun.
September 26. Some marine species more vulnerable to climate change than others. Phys.org.
September 21. Going diving in the tropics? Don’t eat the reef fish! Phys.org.
September 12. Study: UBC research finds climate change might be making fish smaller. The Ubyssey.
September 5. The oceans need our protection – and our lives depend on them.
The Globe and Mail.
August 30. Paddling to prestigious Indigenous film festival.
The University of Winnipeg News Centre.
August 22. Climate change is causing fish to shrink. Seeker.
August 22. Climate change could shrink fish by as much as 30 percent, new study claims. CNBC.
August 22. Climate change likely to shrink fish size by 30%: study.
Economic Times of India.
August 21. Amid closure of B.C. salmon fisheries, study finds feds failed to monitor stocks. Desmog.ca.
August 21. Climate change may shrink the world’s fish. National Geographic.
August 21. Warmer waters from climate change will leave fish shrinking, gasping for air. Phys.org.
August 21. Warming oceans will reduce fish size? Here’s 2 schools of thought. American Council on Science and Health.
August 14. What future for fisheries in the South China Sea? Virgin Unite.
RESEARCHER IN PROFILE
Nadja Steiner is a member of the OceanCanada Research Committee and the National Data and Integrated Scenarios (NDIS) Working Group. Within OceanCanada’s Changing Oceans Cross-cutting Theme (CCT), she is leading a study on the impacts of climate change on local communities in the western Canadian Arctic. She works as a research scientist with Fisheries and Oceans Canada (DFO), located at the Institute of Ocean Sciences (IOS) in Sidney, BC, with a temporary assignment at the Canadian Centre for Climate Modelling and Analysis (CCCma). She is also an adjunct professor at the University of Victoria. Originally from Germany, Nadja did her PhD on modelling sea ice roughness at the Institute of Marine Research in Kiel, and came to Canada in 2000 to work within the Arctic Ocean Model Intercomparison Project at IOS. She continued as a postdoctoral fellow within the Canadian Surface Ocean Lower Atmosphere Study (SOLAS), where she began modelling ecosystem and gas exchange processes. She now works on the development of coupled atmosphere-ocean ecosystem models to study marine sulphur and carbon cycles in the north Pacific and Arctic oceans. In collaboration with CCCma’s Canadian Earth System Modelling group, she is developing parameterizations for Arctic marine ecosystems and evaluates marine ecosystem responses to climate change. She is a contributing author of AMAP’s recent and upcoming Arctic Ocean Acidification assessments as well as the AMAP Adaptation Actions for a Changing Arctic (AACA) assessment. In addition, she leads the Arctic trends and projections assessment of DFO’s Aquatic Climate Change Adaptation Services Program and is co-chair of the research community Biogeochemical Exchange Processes at Sea-Ice Interfaces (BEPSII), previously SCOR-WG 140. As an active chair within the Canadian Science and advisory secretariat (Pacific) for processes in support of Canada’s Marine Protected Area Network, she investigates the development of risk indicators, marine ecological classification systems, and the identification of ecologically and biologically significant areas. Nadja is OceanCanada’s link to the important work of the Arctic Council and AMAP and leads the contribution of our Partnership to ongoing Arctic research led by AMAP.
World Premiere of new OceanCanada-supported film
The world premiere of Glwa: Resurgence of the Ocean-Going Canoe, co-produced by Ian Mauro, Knowledge Mobilization Working Group Co-lead, took place on October 20, 2017 in Toronto at the ImagineNative film festival. The film follows Frank Brown and a group of Heiltsuk youth as they paddle down the coast of BC to Washington State during Tribal Journeys 2016. The journey helped youth learn and revitalize their cultural songs, dances, stories, language, teachings, and other traditions.
Abe K, Ishimura G, Tsurumi T, Managi S, Sumaila UR. 2017. (Fisheries Science) Does trade openness reduce a domestic fisheries catch?
Alava JJ, Barragán-Paladines MJ, Denkinger J, Muñoz L, Jiménez PJ, Paladines F, Valle CA, Tirapé A, Gaibor N, Calle M, Calle P, Reyes H, Espinoza E, Grove JS. 2017. (International Journal of Fisheries Science and Research) Massive Chinese fleet jeopardizes threatened shark species around the Galápagos Marine Reserve and waters off Ecuador: implications for international fisheries policy.
Andrello M, Guilhaumon F, Albouy C, Parravicini V, Scholtens J, Verley, P, Sumaila UR, Mouillot D. 2017. (Nature Communications) Global mismatch between fishing dependency and larval supply from marine reserves.
Ban NC, Cox M. 2017. (Ecology and Society) Advancing social-ecological research through teaching: summary, observations, and challenges.
Cao L, Qiu Y, Ye Y, Xue G, Chen Y, Dong S, Zhang W, Hanson A, Huang B, Little D, Leadbitter D, Pikitch E, Sadovy Y, Sumaila UR, Williams M, Zhou Y, Zhuang P, Naylor RL. 2017. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America) Opportunity for marine fisheries reform in China.
Christie P, Bennett NJ, Gray NJ, Wilhelm A, Lewis N, Parks J, Ban NC, Gruby RL, Gordon L, Day J, Taei S, Friedlander AM. 2017. (Marine Policy) Why people matter in ocean governance: incorporating human dimensions into large-scale marine protected areas.
Davies TE, Maxwell SM, Kaschner K, Garilao C, Ban NC. 2017. (Scientific Reports) Large marine protected areas represent biodiversity now and under climate change.
Dunstan PK, Moore BR, Bell JD, Holbrook NJ, Oliver ECJ, Risbey J, Foster SD, Hanich Q, Hobday AJ, Bennett NJ. 2017. (Marine Policy) How can climate predictions improve sustainability of coastal fisheries in Pacific Small-Island Developing States?
Finkbeiner EM, Bennett NJ, Frawley TH, Mason JG, Briscoe DK, Brooks CM, Ng CA, Ourens R, Seto K, Switzer Swanson S, Urteaga J, Crowder LB. 2017. (Fish and Fisheries) Reconstructing overfishing: moving beyond Malthus for effective and equitable solutions.
Finkbeiner EM, Micheli F, Bennett NJ, Ayers AL, Le Cornu E, Doerr AN. 2017. (Marine Policy) Exploring trade-offs in climate change response in the context of Pacific Island fisheries.
Gibson D, Sumaila UR. 2017. (Marine Policy) Determining the degree of ‘small-scaleness’ using fisheries in British Columbia as an example.
Hilmi N, Safa A, Sumaila UR, Cinar M. 2017. (Ocean and Coastal Management) Coral reefs management and decision making tools.
Jupiter S, Epstein G, Ban NC, Mangubhai S, Fox M, Cox M. 2017. (Society and Natural Resources) A social-ecological systems approach to assessing conservation and fisheries outcomes in Fijian locally managed marine areas.
Kaplan-Hallam M, Bennett NJ. 2017. (Conservation Biology) Adaptive social impact management for conservation and environmental management.
Lance Q J, Mu Y, Zhao Z, Lam VW, Sumaila UR. 2017. (Aquaculture) Economic challenges to the generalization of integrated multi-trophic aquaculture: an empirical comparative study on kelp monoculture and kelp-mollusk polyculture in Weihai, China.
Law EA, Bennett NJ, Ives CD, Friedman R, Davis KJ, Archibald C, Wilson KA. 2017. (Conservation Biology). Equity trade-offs in conservation decision making.
Maldonado A, Lopes PFM, Rodríguez CA, Lasso CA, Sumaila UR. 2017. (Marine Policy) Transboundary fisheries management in the Amazon: assessing current policies for the management of the ornamental silver arawana (Osteoglossum bicirrhosum).
Miller DD, Ota Y, Sumaila UR, Cisneros‐Montemayor AM, Cheung WWL. 2017. (Global Change Biology) Adaptation strategies to climate change in marine systems.
Singh GG, Cisneros-Montemayor AM, Swartz W, Cheung WWL, Guy JA, Kenny T, McOwen CJ, Asch R, Geffert JL, Wabnitz CCC, Sumaila UR, Hanich Q, Ota Y. 2017. (Marine Policy) A rapid assessment of co-benefits and trade-offs among Sustainable Development Goals.
Sumaila UR. 2017. (International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development [ICTSD] Information Note) Shared stocks and fisheries subsidies disciplines: definitions, catches, and revenues.
Sumaila UR. 2017. (International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development [ICTSD] Information Note) Small-scale fisheries and subsidies disciplines: definitions, catches, revenues, and subsidies.
Swartz W, Schiller L, Sumaila UR, Ota Y. 2017. (Marine Policy) Searching for market-based sustainability pathways: challenges and opportunities for seafood certification programs in Japan.
Teh LSL, Witter A, Cheung WWL, Sumaila UR, Yin X. 2017. (Ambio) What is at stake? Status and threats to South China Sea marine fisheries.
Watson RA, Nichols R, Lam VWY, Sumaila UR. 2017. (Marine Policy) Global seafood trade flows and developing economies: insights from linking trade and production.
Zador SG, Gaichas SK, Kasperski S, Ward CL, Blake R, Ban NC, Himes-Cornell A, Koehn Z. 2017. (ICES Journal of Marine Science) Linking ecosystem processes to communities of practice through commercially fished species in the Gulf of Alaska.
Belhabib D, Padilla A, Sumaila UR, Pauly D. 2017. (Handbook on the economics and management of sustainable oceans) On governance in fisheries in Senegal: from top-down control to co-management.
Sumaila UR, Jacquet J, Witter A. 2017. (Corruption, natural resources and development: from resource curse to political ecology). When bad gets worse: corruption and fisheries.
Bendriem N, Roman R, Gibson D, Sumaila UR. 2017. Wild vs. farmed: selected review of a dichotomized status of Coho salmon in British Columbia.
Berdej S, Armitage D, Silver J. 2017. Reflecting on issues of governance and social-ecological ‘fit’ in the Pacific Herring (Clupea pallasaii) fishery: Sitka, Alaska and Haida Gwaii, B.C.
Gibson D, Sumaila UR. 2017 Socio-economic contribution of small-scale versus large-scale fisheries in British Columbia.
Cape Town, South Africa, August 29-31, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
Climate change, fish, and people in Africa. Climate change and marine fisheries in the context of Sub-Saharan Africa, World Bank Conference.
Auckland, New Zealand, September 4-8, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
New visions for nature and nature’s contributions to people for the 21st century. International Panel on Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services (IPBES) (workshop participant).
Whitehorse, YT, September 7-8, 2017. Steiner, Nadja.
Multi-stressor impacts on subsistence fisheries in the western arctic bioregion – regional climate modelling and eco-physiology. Inuvialuit Game Council Meeting.
Sagkeeng, MB, September 10, 2017. Mauro, Ian.
Traditional knowledge keepers and scientists at Turtle Lodge (roundtable participant).
Geneva, Switzerland, September 18, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
Designing effective and appropriate special and differential treatment. Knowledge-Sharing Seminar on Fisheries Subsidies, International Centre for Trade and Sustainable Development, World Trade Organization (WTO).
Tokyo, Japan, September 23, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
Increase transparency in fisheries subsidies in support of Sustainable Development Goal 14: Life Below Water. Fisheries Economics and Social Science, Fisheries Science for Future Generations, The Japanese Society of Fisheries Science.
Luxembourg, September 25-26, 2017. VanderZwaag, David.
Canada’s Arctic disputes: cooperative bridges, foggy waters. Bridge Over Troubled Waters Workshop: Dispute Resolution in the Law of International Watercourses and the Law of the Sea, Max Planck Institute for Procedural Law.
Woods Hole, MA, October 2-5, 2017. VanderZwaag, David.
Marine biosphere research for a sustainable ocean: tacking in a sea of governance challenges. Keynote address at IMBIZO 5 Conference: Marine Biosphere Research for a Sustainable Ocean: Linking Ecosystems, Future States and Resource Management, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution.
Malta, October 5-6, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
Economics of MPAs. Our Ocean.
Economic benefits from no-take marine reserves. The Malta Declaration: assessing real progress towards effective ocean protection (Our Ocean side event).
Tallinn, Estonia, October 12-13, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
When are subsidies harmful? Beyond 2020: supporting Europe’s coastal communities (workshop participant).
Puerto Varas, Chile, October 18-21, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
Assessment of marine protected areas for restoring ocean health, improving fisheries management, and supporting a sustainable blue economy. Pew Fellows Program in Marine Conservation (workshop participant).
Incorporating the gender dimension in marine conservation. Pew Fellows Program in Marine Conservation (roundtable participant).
Inuvik, NT, October 24-26, 2017. Steiner, Nadja.
Beaufort Sea Partnership Meeting (workshop participant).
San Francisco, CA, October 26-30. Sumaila, Rashid.
Can we save the oceans from ourselves? World Conference of Science Journalists (session panelist).
WORKSHOP ON ACCESS TO MARINE RESOURCES
OceanCanada held a workshop on June 8 and 9 to explore issues related to access to marine resources, which was organized by our Access to Resources Cross-Cutting Theme leads Megan Bailey and Nathan Bennett, and Research Assistant Maery Kaplan-Hallam. Issues of access to resources continue to be front and centre in the debate around the social and economic sustainability of Canada’s coastal communities. However, we do not currently have a clear picture of the various issues related to access to marine resources and ocean spaces in Canada. These issues were addressed through the objectives of this workshop, which were:
- To build momentum on the Access Cross-Cutting Theme within the OceanCanada Partnership.
- To learn about past research, current research and applied projects related to issues of access across the three coasts of Canada.
- To facilitate a discussion about key issues and emerging topics related to access for different groups in Canada.
- To develop future research directions, potential partnerships and collaborations and a future research proposal on issues related to access in Canada.
- To develop and co-author with workshop participants an academic paper related to the topic of access to marine resources and spaces in Canada.
The workshop was very successful, and included people involved in many different ways in fisheries in Canada, from researchers to administrators. A working paper is currently being developed with input from several workshop participants, and will be available shortly on the OceanCanada website.
OCEANCANADA MEMBERS PRESENT TO CANADIAN PARLIAMENT
Rashid Sumaila, OceanCanada Director, and Natalie Ban, Pacific Working Group Co-lead, both appeared before the Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans of the Canadian Parliament. On June 8, Dr. Sumaila spoke about the economic reasons for implementing MPAs. On May 11, Dr. Ban spoke about the benefits of MPAs to biodiversity.
MARE CONFERENCE PANEL
On July 6, 2017, several OceanCanada members presented at the panel, Transboundary Fisheries Management in Changing North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans: Taking Stock, Future Scenarios, which they organized for the MARE (Centre for Maritime Research) Conference in Amsterdam. The panel papers are currently being developed for a special issue of Ecology and
Society, to appear in 2018. See Recent Presentations for details.
OCEANCANADA MEMBER ACTIVITIES FOR WORLD OCEANS DAY, JUNE 8
Members of OceanCanada participated in many different events related to World Oceans Day (June 8).
Activities at the UN Ocean Conference, “Our Oceans, Our Future: Partnering for the Implementation of Sustainable Development Goal 14,” New York, June 5-9, 2017 included:
Ratana Chuenpagdee (Memorial University) of Too Big To Ignore (TBTI) was an organizing partner of the side event, “Joining forces for sustainable small-scale fisheries through a human rights-based approach to ocean conservation.” TBTI was also a partner at the multimedia evening, “Marine Protected Areas – for whom?” which featured live streaming and updates from the UN Oceans Conference.
Rashid Sumaila participated in a side event titled “Towards a sustainable blue future: fiscal incentives to achieve SDG 14.” He also participated in “Building disciplines on fisheries subsidies: progress and prospects.”
David VanderZwaag (Dalhousie University) was a member of the 20-expert IUCN (International Union for the Conservation of Nature) delegation at the conference, led by Cyriaque Sendashonga (Global Director, Programme and Policy), and coordinated by Carl Gustaf Lundin (Director, Global Marine and Polar Programme).
In addition to the UN Conference activities, Fraser Taylor (Carleton University) gave a keynote address to the Canadian Cartographic Association Annual Meeting at Carleton University on June 2, entitled “Rapid technological change and the future of cartography.” From June 3 to 10, he attended the Pan-Arctic Options meeting in Moscow, where he did a presentation on creating a cybercartographic atlas of the Bering Strait. On June 7, he participated in a presentation on the Arctic Spatial Data Infrastructure at the American Centre in Moscow as part of a special event, “Round Table on Enhancing International Arctic Cooperation.”
PARTNER & COLLABORATOR NEWS
Over the summer, viewers watched ocean exploration in real time and joined an expedition in the Gulf of Maine organized by researchers from Dalhousie University and Memorial University – funded by the Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada – and the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). Oceana Canada brought the expedition into people’s homes using high-tech camera equipment and live streaming through the eyes of an underwater robot as it traversed the sea floor. Read more here.
T. Buck Suzuki
T. Buck Suzuki has developed an OceanSmart app to allow mariners to help protect our waters. Some features of the app include:
- Instant photo reporting to regulators of spills, accidents, derelict vessels, etc.;
- One touch cell phone reporting to Canadian Coast Guard and other regulators;
- Maps of marine infrastructure, pumpouts, marinas, and MPAs;
- Information on green boating practices.
August 8. Climate change jaw dropper: great white shark could one day prowl B.C. waters. Environmental News Network.
July 26. Les grands requins blancs pourraient un jour sillonner les eaux de la Colombie-Britannique. Radio-Canada.
July 26. Great white shark population booms In British Columbia as ocean temperature rises. International Business Times.
July 26. Warming Pacific means more great white sharks swimming in B.C. waters. CTV News.
July 26. Great white sharks likely to head north as water warms, prof says. Times Colonist.
July 25. Sustainability of the global ocean. The Sandpiper.
July 25. Great white sharks could swim along B.C.’s coast as oceans warm: UBC researcher. Global News.
July 25. Great white shark could come to BC, says UBC researcher. Daily Hive.
July 25. Climate change to bring great white sharks to B.C. says UBC prof. CBC News.
July 25. Great white sharks ranging closer to Canadian coasts, UBC expert says. Metro News.
July 24. The future of oceans. Biotechinasia.
July 13. Your fish and chips could be about to change massively – here’s why. Birmingham Mail.
July 11. Your fish and chip supper could soon fall victim to climate change. Chronicle Live.
July 8. Climate change could threaten the traditional British fish and chips. Sky News.
July 8. Expect “child’s portions” of fish and chips as climate change shrinks ocean stock. The London Economic.
July 8. Anchovy and chips? Shrinking fish could see unusual offerings for sale. The Irish News.
July 8. Have North Sea fishy favourites had their chips? The Press and Journal.
June 28. Ocean conservation needs a Hippocratic oath – we must do no harm. The Guardian.
June 26. Scarborough Shoal of Sansha City, Hainan province, China. The Manila Times.
June 25. Subsidies go to big fisheries, not small-scale companies: UBC study. News 1130.
June 16. Criminality in Africa’s fishing industry: a threat to human security. ETH Zurich.
June 10. CBC World Report – UN Oceans Conference. CBC.
June 8. The future of our fisheries under climate change. Our Shared Seas.
June 8. 2050: Degrees of change – Episode 2 – Snow and ice. CBC.
June 7. Fishing subsidies harm artisanal fishermen worldwide. Fish Information and Services (FIS).
June 5. Marine reserves help mitigate against climate change, say scientists. Science Daily.
June 5. Should large scale fisheries get more subsidies than small scale fishing? Roundhouse Radio.
June 2. Why Mexican fishermen are going from shark hunting to shark protecting. Fusion.net.
June 1. Subsidies promote overfishing and hurt small-scale fishers worldwide. UBC News.
June 1. The shared stewardship of the South China Sea. The Manila Times.
June 1. Subsidies promote overfishing and hurt small-scale fishers worldwide. Phys.org.
June 1. A sea change for seafood? Conservation International.
RESEARCHER IN PROFILE
Megan Bailey is co-lead of OceanCanada’s cross- cutting Access to Resources theme, and a SSHRC Canada Research Chair in Integrated Ocean and Coastal Governance at Dalhousie University’s Marine Affairs Program. She has an undergraduate zoology degree from Western University, and completed her Master’s and PhD at UBC’s Fisheries Centre (now the Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries), focusing on fisheries economics relating to global tuna fisheries. A week after defending her PhD in 2012, she joined the Environmental Policy Group at Wageningen University in the Netherlands, where she helped to lead the BESTTuna and IFITT programs.
These programs focused on interdisciplinary studies in pursuit of equitable and sustainable transboundary tuna in the Western and Central Pacific, and on studying traceability implementation in Indonesia’s tuna supply chains, respectively. Her work is now positioned at the interface between private seafood governance (certifications, traceability) and public fisheries policy (national and international). Megan is particularly interested in how seafood companies and private certification programs are driving change in regional fisheries management.
Her work in the IFITT program is some of the first studying the socio-economic implications of seafood traceability and Fair Trade USA implementation. Megan has published over 30 scientific articles and book chapters, and has her first edited book coming out this month (Sustainable Food Futures: Multidisciplinary Solutions, edited by Jessica Duncan and Megan Bailey, Routledge, 2017). Megan currently serves on the Scientific and Technical Advisory Committee for the International Pole and Line Foundation, on the Board of Directors for the Ecology Action Centre, and on the Communications Committee for the Fishermen and Scientists Research Society.
Bennett NJ, Teh L, Ota Y, Christie P, Ayers A, Day JC, Franks P, Gilli D, Gruby RL, Kittinger JN, Koehn Z, Lewis N, Parks J, Vierros M, Whitty TS, Wilhelm A, Wright K, Aburtor JA, Finkbeiner EM, Gaymer CF, Govan H, Gray N, Jarvis RM, Kaplan-Hallam M, Satterfield T. 2017. (Marine Policy)
An appeal for a code of conduct for marine conservation.
Jones R, Rigg C, Pinkerton E. 2017. (Marine Policy)
Strategies for assertion of conservation and local management rights: a Haida Gwaii herring story.
Kaplan-Hallam M, Bennett NJ, Satterfield T. 2017. (Global Environmental Change) Catching sea cucumber fever in coastal communities: conceptualizing the impacts of shocks versus trends for social-ecological systems.
Kittinger JN, Teh LCL, Allison E, Bennett NJ, Crowder LC, Finkbeiner EM, Hicks C, Scarton CG, Nakamura K, Ota Y, Young J, Alifano A, Apel A, Arbib A, Bishop L, Boyle M, Cisneros-Montemayor AM, Hunter P, Le Cornu E, Levine M, Jones RS, Koehn JZ, Marschke M, Mason JG, Micheli F, McClenachan M, Opal C, Peacey J, Peckham SH, Schemmel E, Solis-Rivera V, Swartz W, Wilhelm A. 2017 (Science) Committing to socially responsible seafood.
Pinkerton E. 2017. (Marine Policy)
Hegemony and resistance: disturbing patterns and hopeful signs in the impact of neoliberal policies on small-scale fisheries around the world.
Roberts CM, O’Leary BC, McCauley DJ, Cury PM, Duarte CM, Lubchenco J, Pauly D, Sáenz-Arroyo A, Sumaila UR, Wilson RW, Worm B, Castilla JC. 2017. (Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the USA)
Marine reserves can mitigate and promote adaptation to climate change.
Seto K, Belhabib D, Mamie J, Copeland D, Vakily JM, Seilert H, Baio A, Harper S, Zeller D, Zylich K, Pauly D. 2017. (Marine Policy)
War, fish, and foreign fleets: the marine fisheries catches of Sierra Leone 1950–2015.
Singleton RL, Allison EH, Le Billon P, Sumaila UR. 2017. (Marine Policy) Conservation and the right to fish: International conservation NGOs and the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines for securing Sustainable Small-Scale Fisheries.
Witter A, Stoll J. 2017. (Marine Policy)
Participation and resistance: alternative seafood marketing in a
Cheung WWL, Pauly D, Sumaila UR. 2017. (Reflections of Canada: illuminating our biggest possibilities and challenges at 150 years)
Fisheries and the world.
Sumaila UR, Cheung WWL, Cury PM, Tai TC. 2017. (Building a climate resilient economy and society: challenges and opportunities)
Climate change, marine ecosystems and global fisheries.
Gibson D, Sumaila UR. 2017.
How small-scale are fisheries in British Columbia?
Tai TC, Cashion T, Lam VWY, Swartz W, Sumaila UR. 2017.
Ex-vessel fish price database: disaggregating prices for low-priced species from reduction fisheries
Waterloo, ON, March 2-3, 2017. Doubleday, Nancy.
How good are current models at integrating knowledge from diverse sources through time? Catching Ripples in the Water: A Social-Ecological Regime Shifts (SERS) Approach to Understand Rapid Changes in Coastal Watersheds and Crafting Governance Arrangements.
How good is our research paradigm at describing and understanding long-term social-ecological-cultural change? Catching Ripples in the Water: A Social-Ecological Regime Shifts (SERS) Approach to Understand Rapid Changes in Coastal Watersheds and Crafting Governance Arrangements.
Boston, MA, April 5-9, 2017. Beattie, Hillary.
Pulling together to gather strength: telling stories of cultural resurgence and resilience in Heiltsuk territory. American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting.
Boston, MA, April 5-9, 2017. Mauro, Ian.
Canada’s climate story: participatory film, geovisualization and the future of mobilizing knowledge into action. American Association of Geographers Annual Meeting.
Ottawa, ON, May 11, 2017. Ban, Natalie.
Brief on MPAs. Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans.
Ottawa, ON, May 31-June 2, 2017. Taylor, Fraser.
Rapid technological change and the future of cartography. Keynote address at Canadian Cartographic Association Annual Meeting.
College Park, MD, June 1, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
The economic benefits and impacts of sustaining the global ocean. The Role of Oceans in Earth’s Life Support System, 3rd GEO Blue Planet Symposium.
Moscow, Russia, June 3-10, 2017. Taylor, Fraser.
Arctic spatial data infrastructure. Round Table on Enhancing International Arctic Cooperation, American Centre; Moscow, Russia.
Creating a cybercartographic atlas of the Bering Strait. Belmont Forum
Pan-Arctic Options Annual Meeting.
Mapping the Bering Sea. Belmont Forum Pan-Arctic Options Annual Meeting; Moscow, Russia.
New York, NY, June 5, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid; Karousakis, Katia; Martini, Roger.
Towards a sustainable blue future: fiscal incentives to achieve SDG 14. The UN Ocean Conference.
New York, NY, June 5, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid; Koroilavesau, Semi; Morgan, Clarisse; Tipping, Alice.
Building disciplines on fisheries subsidies: progress and prospects. The UN Ocean Conference.
New York, NY, June 6, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
Improve high seas fisheries management and increase economic, social and ecological benefits for our oceans. Our Ocean Our Future. The UN Ocean Conference.
Ottawa, ON, June 8, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
The Oceans Act’s Marine Protected Areas. Canadian House of Commons Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans.
Singapore, June 14, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid; Tun, Karenne; Waterman, Stephanie.
Future of the oceans. Commonwealth Science Conference.
Ottawa, ON, June 14, 2017. VanderZwaag, David.
Getting Canada’s Oceans Act together: progressions, depressions, questions. Oceans 20: Canada’s Oceans Act.
Rome, Italy, June 27, 2017. Westlund, L; Cheunpagdee, Ratana.
What do we mean by small-scale fisheries? Workshop on improving our knowledge on small-scale fisheries: data needs and methodologies. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.
Rome, Italy, June 27, 2017. Charles, Anthony.
Current data and future needs for assessing local-level conservation, stewardship and responsible fisheries in small-scale fisheries. Workshop on improving our knowledge on small-scale fisheries: data needs and methodologies. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.
Rome, Italy, June 28, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
Subsidies: small versus large-scale fisheries subsidies. Workshop on improving our knowledge on small-scale fisheries: data needs and methodologies. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.
Rome, Italy, June 28, 2017. Teh, Lydia.
Indigenous people database. Workshop on improving our knowledge on small-scale fisheries: data needs and methodologies. Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) of the United Nations.
Washington, DC, July 2, 2017. Anonby, E; Hayes, Amos; Murasugi, K; Taylor, Fraser.
Mapping language with the Nunaliit Atlas framework: the languages of Iran and the Inuit language in Canada. International Cartographic Congress.
Washington, DC, July 2, 2017. Taylor, Fraser.
Some issues in mapping traditional knowledge. International Cartographic Congress.
Amsterdam, the Netherlands, July 6, 2017. Saunders, Phillip; Engler, Cecilia; VanderZwaag, David; Koubrak, Olga; Cheung, William; Palacios-Abrantes, Juliano; Sumaila, Rashid.
Title of panel: Transboundary Fisheries Management in Changing North Atlantic and Pacific Oceans: Taking Stock, Future Scenarios
Are transboundary fisheries management arrangements in the North Atlantic and Pacific seaworthy in changing oceans? (VanderZwaag and Koubrak)
The international law and policy seascape for managing shifting species and ecosystems (Saunders and Engler)
Current state and future scenarios for transboundary fisheries management in changing oceans: gauging the biological tides (Cheung and Palacios-Abrantes)
Changing oceans and the economics of transboundary fisheries management of major fisheries of Canada and the United States (Sumaila)
Washington, DC, July 19, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
Current state of fisheries in the South China Sea. Workshop on Environmental Issues and Fisheries Cooperation in the South China Sea, Center for Strategic and International Studies.
Star Island, NH, July 23, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
Sustainability of the global ocean. The Oceans: Protecting an International Resource, 2017 International Affairs Conference.
Carrtagena, Columbia, July 23-27, 2017. Bennett, Nathan.
How can the social sciences improve conservation? International Congress for Conservation Biology, Society for Conservation Biology.
Carrtagena, Columbia, July 23-27, 2017. Kaplan-Hallam, Maery; Bennett, Nathan.
Adaptive social impact management for conservation and environmental management. International Congress for Conservation Biology, Society for Conservation Biology.
OceanCanada Launches Its New Website
The folks at OceanCanada felt the need to revamp the website to make it more appealing, colourful, and dynamic, and to facilitate visitor access to the various components that make up the foundation of our partnership. So, we are extremely pleased to announce the launch of our brand new website. Some of the improved features include:
- Streamlined menus that are easier to navigate
- Rotating images that will be changed periodically
- Latest news and events prominently displayed
- Regions located under one expanding menu item
Development is ongoing, and we continue to populate the website by Working Group, highlighting activities, researchers, publications, videos, and presentations. As we move forward, we will be dedicating space to students and postdocs, as well as to projects being undertaken by our Cross-Cutting Themes (CCTs).
New Web/Data Manager
Our new website would not have been possible without the hard work and dedication of our Web/Data Manager, Duncan Burnside, who has been with us since March 2017. Duncan will also be responsible for our data management using Dataverse, a data repository at the UBC Library.
Originally from Scotland, Duncan graduated from the University of St Andrews in 2008, and has since worked in a variety of eCommerce, Digital Marketing and Web Development roles in the UK and Australia, and in Canada since 2013.
Welcome, Duncan, and thank you for the fantastic job you have done on the website! firstname.lastname@example.org
HIGHLY QUALIFIED PERSONNEL PROJECTS
OceanCanada is fortunate to have a large pool of Highly Qualified Personnel (HQP) to help us achieve our mandate.
Completed HQP projects:
Andrés Cisneros-Montemayor (Postdoctoral Fellow; UBC) has accepted a full time position as Program Manager and Research Associate with the Nereus Program at UBC. He led the development of the first version of the OceanCanada database on Canadian marine research.
- John Driscoll (PhD; UBC) and Edward Gregr (PhD; UBC), successfully completed their project, “Effects of Sea Otter Reestablishment on Ecosystem Service Benefits Derived by Coastal Communities on the West Coast of Vancouver Island,” with Kai Chan. It is an analysis that illustrates how the distribution of ecosystem services providers informs trade-offs not apparent when place is ignored. At the local scale, the project showed how subsistence could be characterised based on the proportion of catch loss near coastal communities.
- Michelle Fairbrother (Masters; Carleton University) worked on data and mapping for integration of Genome Canada work for the Arctic Ocean Atlas.
- Haley Milko (MRM; SFU), successfully defended her thesis, “Identifying Best Practices in Fisheries Monitoring and Stewardship Training for First Nations Youth.”
- Robert Oikle (Masters; Carleton University) worked on upgrading the Siku Atlas to use latest Nunaliit technology. He is working with a software developer on new features for Arctic Ocean Atlas.
- Laura Salisbury (Masters; Carleton University) worked on integrating Inuit place name datasets for the Arctic Ocean Atlas.
- Charlotte Whitney (PhD; UVic) and Nathan Bennett (Postdoctoral Fellow; UBC and University of Washington) hosted a workshop on social-ecological adaptive capacity.
We have many ongoing HQP projects which we will report upon in upcoming newsletters.
PARTNER & COLLABORATOR NEWS
Ecotrust has an initiative called ThisFish that focuses on seafood sustainability and consumer awareness. Through software it has developed for “traceability,” identification codes are generated which remain with the product from boat to market. Consumers can look up codes online to find the “backstory” of their seafood. Read more.
The Water Institute at the University of Waterloo co-hosted with OceanCanada, “Coastal watersheds in the Anthropocene: understanding rapid change and implication for people and ecosystems” on March 2, 2017. A panel discussion chaired by Simon Courtenay, Canadian Rivers Institute, was comprised of the following OceanCanada members:
- Natalie Ban, University of Victoria
- William Cheung, University of British Columbia
- David VanderZwaag, Dalhousie University
- Ratana Cheunpagdee, Memorial University
OceanCanada World Oceans Day Events
World Oceans Day is coming up soon, on June 8! OceanCanada is marking this important date by conducting an Access to Resources Cross-Cutting Theme Workshop at the University of British Columbia on June 8 and 9, facilitated by Nathan Bennett, Maery Kaplan-Hallam, and Megan Bailey. Sarah Newell will be in the field on June 8 conducting her community-based research related to how climate change is affecting the food security, cultural continuity, and community health and well-being of people in Chesterfield Inlet, Nunavut. And Rashid Sumaila will be giving a presentation to the Standing Committee on Fisheries and Oceans of the Canadian Parliament.
What will you do on June 8 to mark World Oceans Day?
Tweet us at @OceanCanada or tag your activities with #WorldOceansDay
- May 23. China’s appetite for seafood is pushing global fish stocks to the brink. Australia Financial Review.
- May 21. Does marine conservation need a ‘Hippocratic Oath’? UBC researcher says yes. CBC News.
- May 18. Overfishing risks collapsing global fishing industry. VOA Learning English.
- May 15. China cracks down on coastal fisheries. Science.
- May 12. Minister Susi receives Peter Benchley Ocean awards. Tempo.
- May 11. Peter Benchley Ocean Awards 2017: a celebration of excellence in ocean conservation. Ocean Currents.
- April 30. China’s appetite pushes fish population to brink. Business Mirror.
- April 27. Not just a boys’ club: women hooking into fishing industry. VOA News.
- April 7. Warming oceans may lead to smaller fish. Inside Science.
- February 3. Fish economist, Dr. Rashid Sumaila, wins “Academy Award of the Sea.” The Ubyssey.
RESEARCHER IN PROFILE
Nathan Bennett (website: nathanbennett.ca) is co-lead of OceanCanada’s Pacific Working Group as well as our Access cross-cutting theme. He is currently cross-appointed as a Banting Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of Washington and a Liber Ero Postdoctoral Fellow at the University of British Columbia.
As a broadly trained environmental social scientist, he chooses to primarily focus on research projects that interrogate various aspects of the complex relationship between the environment and human society with a solution-oriented lens. His research interests examine the human dimensions of marine conservation, fisheries, ocean governance, and global environmental change. Prior to his current position, he was a SSHRC Postdoctoral Fellow at UBC with Dr. Terre Satterfield and Dr. Kai Chan. For his doctoral research, supported by a Trudeau Scholarship and a SSHRC Joseph Armand Bombardier Canada Graduate Scholar Award, he worked with Dr. Phil Dearden as part of Project IMPAACT and the Marine Protected Areas Research Group at the University of Victoria. His dissertation focused on various aspects of the relationship between marine protected areas, climate change, and local livelihoods on the Andaman coast of Thailand. His Master’s research with Dr. Harvey Lemelin at Lakehead University focused on the role of a Canadian national park in the social, cultural, political, and economic development of the Lutsel K’e Dene First Nation in the Northwest Territories, Canada. He was given the Canadian Association of Geographers Robin P. Armstrong Award for his thesis. His current research activities include projects focusing on such topics as marine protected area governance in Canada and the Mediterranean Sea, responses of small-scale fishing communities to environmental change in Thailand and Canada, integration of indigenous and local community needs and perspectives into conservation globally, marine conservation planning initiatives in Mexico, the consideration of equity and access in fisheries management in Canada, and the human dimensions of large-scale marine protected areas.
Natalie Baird, a Master’s student at the University of Manitoba, has completed an Arctic-focused project with the Inuit community of Pangnirtung, Nunavut, which explores the role of participatory video and art making in understanding of social-ecological ocean systems. Her video, Visualizing Changing Oceans: Inuit Knowledge and Participatory Video, is one of 25 finalists for a 2017 SSHRC Storytellers Award. (View video here)
Alava JJ, editor. 2017. Tropical pinnipeds: bio-ecology, threats and conservation.
Alava JJ, Cheung WWL, Ross P, Sumaila UR. 2017. (Global Change Biology) Climate change-contaminant interactions in marine food webs: towards a conceptual framework.
Armitage D, Charles A, Berkes F, editors. 2017. Governing the coastal commons: communities, resilience and transformation.
Bailey M, Vestergaard N, Sumaila UR. 2017. (The WSPC reference on natural resources and environmental policy in the era of global change) Overcoming principal-agent problems to improve cooperative governance of internationally shared fisheries.
Ban NC, Davies TE, Aguilera SE, Brooks C, Cox M, Epstein G, Evans LS, Maxwell SM, Nenadovic M. 2017. (Global Environmental Change) Social and ecological effectiveness of large marine protected areas.
Bennett NJ, Teh L, Ota Y, Christie P, Ayers A, Day JC, Franks P, Gilli D, Gruby RL, Kittinger JN, Koehn Z, Lewis N, Parks J, Vierros M, Whitty TS, Wilhelm A, Wright K, Aburtor JA, Finkbeiner EM, Gaymer CF, Govan H, Gray N, Jarvis RM, Kaplan-Hallam M, Satterfield T. 2017. (Marine Policy) An appeal for a code of conduct for marine conservation.
Cisneros-Montemayor AM, Cheung WWL, Sumaila UR. 2017. (Data Dryad) Integrated metadata database of Canadian marine research.
Harper S, Grubb C, Stiles M, Sumaila UR. 2017. (Coastal Management) Contributions by women to fisheries economies: insights from five maritime countries.
Lancaster D, Volpe JP, Haggarty D, Dearden P, Ban NC. 2017. (Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems) Effectiveness of shore-based remote camera monitoring for quantifying recreational fisher compliance in marine conservation areas.
Scassa T, Taylor F. 2017. (Data Science Journal) Legal and ethical issues around incorporating traditional knowledge in polar data infrastructures.
Schuhbauer A, Chuenpagdee R, Cheung WWL, Greer K, Sumaila UR. 2017. (Marine Policy) How subsidies affect the economic viability of small-scale fisheries.
VanderZwaag DL, Bailey M, Shackell NL. 2017. (Ocean Yearbook) Canada-U.S. fisheries management in the Gulf of Maine: taking stock and charting future coordinates in the face of climate change.
Whitney CK, Bennett NJ, Ban NC, Allison EH, Armitage D, Blythe JL, Burt JM, Cheung W, Finkbeiner EM, Kaplan-Hallam M, Perry I, Turner NJ, Yumagulova L. 2017. (Ecology and Society) Adaptive capacity: from assessment to action in coastal social-ecological systems.
La Paz, Mexico, March 22-24, 2017. Cisneros-Montemayor, Andrés; Munro, Gordon; Sanjurjo, E.; Hernandez Trejo, V.; Sumaila, Rashid.
Strategies and rationale for fishery subsidy reform. North American Association of Fisheries Economists Forum.
La Paz, Mexico, March 22-24, 2017. Schuhbauer, Anna; Cisneros-Montemayor Andrés; Sumaila, Rashid.
Economic viability of small- compared to large-scale fisheries using Mexico as an example. North American Association of Fisheries Economists Forum.
La Paz, Mexico, March 22-24, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid. 2017.
Fisheries subsidies: why should you care about them? North American Association of Fisheries Economists Forum.
London, UK, March 17, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid.
Fishing in troubled waters: geopolitics and resource security. 10th International Illegal Unreported and Unregulated Fishing Forum.
Waterloo, ON, March 2, 2017. Ban, Natalie.
A social-ecological systems perspective of rapid change. Coastal Watersheds in the Anthropocene: Understanding Rapid Change and Implication for People and Ecosystems.
Waterloo, ON, March 2, 2017. Cheung, William.
The future of Canadian fisheries under multiple human drivers. Coastal Watersheds in the Anthropocene: Understanding Rapid Change and Implication for People and Ecosystems.
Waterloo, ON, March 2, 2017. Cheunpagdee, Ratana.
A transdisciplinary perspective on change. Coastal Watersheds in the Anthropocene: Understanding Rapid Change and Implication for People and Ecosystems.
Waterloo, ON, March 2, 2017. VanderZwaag, David.
Canadian ocean governance in the Anthropocene: legal laments and promises. Coastal Watersheds in the Anthropocene: Understanding Rapid Change and Implication for People and Ecosystems.
Please see our website for a complete list of publications and presentations by Working Group.
OceanCanada–Vancouver Aquarium Speaker Series
We are very excited to announce a new speaker series that we are jointly hosting with our partner, Vancouver Aquarium Marine Science Centre. The first event, held on February 28, was a great success! Here is a sample of this season’s lineup:
February 28, 2017
History of Aboriginal and Commercial Fisheries on the NW Coast and Implications for the Future
Moderator, Rashid Sumaila, OceanCanada Director
- Dave Barrett, Manager, Pacific Fisheries Monitoring and Compliance Panel
- Dane Chauvel, Organic Ocean and commercial fisherman
- Alejandro Frid, University of Victoria Environmental Studies and Central Coast Indigenous Resource Alliance
- Rupert Gale, Ritchie Foundation and recreational fisherman
April 11, 2017
Current Issues and Future Projections for Local, Aboriginal and Commercial Fisheries
Moderator, Andrew Day, Vancouver Aquarium
- Owen Bird, Executive Director, Sport Fishing Institute of BC
- Andrés Cisneros-Montemayor, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, UBC
- Other speakers to be announced.
September 12, 2017
How Climate Change and Pollution are Affecting our Oceans
Moderator, Eric Solomon, Vancouver Aquarium
- Juan José Alava, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, UBC
- Peter Ross, Coastal Ocean Research Institute
- Other speakers to be announced.
November 7, 2017
Making Sustainable Choices
Moderator, Ann-Marie Copping, Vancouver Aquarium
- Allison Witter, Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries, UBC
- Other speakers to be announced.
OceanCanada New Working Paper Series Launched
OceanCanada has recently launched a Working Paper series, the first paper being Adaptive Governance of Social-Ecological Regime Shifts in Coastal Fishery Systems: A Case Study of a Potential Regime Shift in a Shrimp Fishery System in Northern Newfoundland, Canada by PhD Candidate Evan Andrews and Professor Derek Armitage, members of OceanCanada’s Atlantic Working Group based at the University of Waterloo.
Researcher in Profile – Dr. David VanderZwaag
Dr. VanderZwaag, OceanCanada Law and Policy Working Group Co-lead, is Professor of Law. He holds the Canada Research Chair (Tier 1) in Ocean Law and Governance at and is Associate Director of the Marine and Environmental Law Institute, Dalhousie University, where he teaches international environmental law. He is a member of the IUCN’s World Commission on Environmental Law (WCEL) and Co-chair of the WCEL’s Specialist Group on Oceans, Coasts and Coral Reefs. As a co-founder of the Australian-Canadian Oceans Research Network (ACORN), he has done research and lectured in South and Southeast Asia, the South Pacific, Europe, and the Caribbean. In addition, he is an elected member of the International Council of Environmental Law, and serves on the editorial boards of Ocean and Coastal Management, Marine Policy, Ocean Yearbook and Yearbook of Polar Law. Dr. VanderZwaag has authored over 150 papers in the marine and environmental law field. His most recent book publications are: Aquaculture Law and Policy: Global, Regional and National Perspectives (edited with N. Bankes and I. Dahl; Edward Elgar, 2016); Routledge Handbook of National and Regional Ocean Policies (edited with B. Cicin-Sain and M. Balgos; Routledge, 2015); Polar Oceans Governance in an Era of Environmental Change (edited with T. Stephens; Edward Elgar, 2014); Recasting Transboundary Fisheries Management Arrangements in Light of Sustainability Principles: Canadian and International Perspectives (edited with D.A. Russell; Martinus Nijhoff, 2010); Towards Principled Oceans Governance: Australian and Canadian Approaches and Challenges (edited with D.R. Rothwell; Routledge, 2006); and Aquaculture Law and Policy: Towards Principled Access and Operations (edited with G. Chao; Routledge, 2006). Some of his recent presentations include:
- Ottawa, ON, October 26, 2016. Canadian fisheries management: moving from legal laggard to legislative leader. Oceana Canada Science Symposium
- St. John’s, NL, July 30-August 3, 2016. Canada and the protection of marine species at risk: paper promises, paltry progressions. International Marine Conservation Congress.
- Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, April 27-29, 2016. Ocean acidification: a tangled and tepid international governance seascape. World Environmental Law Congress, Biodiversity and Marine Ecosystems Session, Supreme Court of the State of Rio de Janeiro.
- Halifax, NS, March 29, 2016. Renewable ocean energy and the international law and policy seascape: tangled currents. Offshore Renewable Energy Governance Panel, EU Centre of Excellence, Dalhousie University.
- Hobart, Australia, February 9-12, 2016. Marine species on the move in the northwest Atlantic: a sea of transboundary governance challenges. Species on the Move Conference, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS) and University of Tasmania.
Partner and Collaborator News
United Nations University – Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-IWEH) and McMaster University are co-sponsoring the Spring 2017 Public Lecture, Facing Climate Change: The Environmental Commissioner’s 2016 GHG Progress Report, on March 21. The keynote speaker is Dr. Diane Saxe, Environmental Commissioner of Ontario. Other co-sponsors include Ontario Climate Consortium, City of Hamilton, and Sustainable Hamilton/Burlington.
In 2016 Oceana Canada commissioned a comprehensive public analysis on the state of Canada’s fish populations and concluded that a lack of government transparency was threatening recovery efforts. Oceana Canada Wavemakers called on the Canadian government to increase transparency, and it responded. At Oceana Canada’s symposium last year, the Honourable Dominic LeBlanc, Minister of Fisheries, Oceans and the Canadian Coast Guard, announced the release of critical fisheries data and a new investment of $24 million per year toward supporting healthy fish populations. Read more here.
The Vancouver Fraser Port Authority has launched a unique program for marine vessels operating in the Port of Vancouver to address concerns about underwater vessel noise affecting at- risk marine life. Starting this year, the port authority is adding new incentive criteria to its existing EcoAction program to include harbour due rate discounts for quieter ships. This makes Canada the first country in the world with a marine noise reduction incentive. Read more here.
The T. Buck Suzuki Environmental Foundation has recently joined the OceanCanada Partnership. Since its establishment, it has been involved in numerous habitat-related campaigns, including efforts to halt pulp and sewage pollution, destructive logging practices and water diversions. Working with other organizations, the Foundation played a leadership role in the campaign that led to the cancellation of the Kemano Completion Project on the Nechako River – a development that threatened millions of salmon in the Fraser watershed. In addition to its campaigns, the Foundation has initiated marsh reclamation projects and established a riparian nursery dedicated to rearing native plants for stream restoration.
Research in the News
- Trading for Sustainable Fisheries.
IndraStra, January 20.
- Food and jobs from fish hinge on Paris Agreement.
Futurity, January 3.
- Paris warming limit will increase fish catches.
Climate News Network, December 30.
- Climate change could have devastating impact on global fisheries.
CBC News, December 22.
- International climate targets good for global fisheries: B.C. researchers.
Canadian Press, December 22.
- Study: Nova Scotia catches could be maintained if world abides by Paris climate agreement.
Local Xpress, December 22.
- World’s fishing fleet to catch 25 billion fewer fish a year by 2100 unless more is done to stop climate change.
Independent, December 22.
- Global warming could cause fishing to decline by millions of tons each year, study says.
San Diego Union-Tribune, December 22.
- The Paris Climate Agreement Could Save Commercial Fishing.
Gizmodo, December 22.
- A court case that could impact the Nova Scotia in-shore fishery.
CBC-NS Information Morning, December 13.
Members of OceanCanada’s Knowledge Mobilization Working Group have produced a short video based on footage of students and postdoctoral researchers filmed during our May 2016 conference at UBC. Interviewees talk about the importance of research to inform policy for the future health of Canada’s ocean regions and the communities that depend on them. View it on Vimeo.
Click on the titles for further information and abstracts.
Ban SS et al. 2016. (Global Ecology and Conservation) Identifying potential marine climate change refugia: a case study in Canada’s Pacific marine ecosystems
Bennett NJ et al. 2017. (Biological Conservation) Conservation social science: understanding and integrating human dimensions to improve conservation
Cheung WWL, Reygondeau G, Frölicher TL. 2016. (Science) Large benefits to marine fisheries of meeting the 1.5°C global warming target
Cisneros-Montemayor AM et al. 2017. (Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences) Towards an integrated database of Canadian ocean resources: benefits, current states, and research gaps
Khan A, Charles A, Armitage D. 2016. (Climate Policy) Place-based or sector-based adaptation? A case study of municipal and fishery policy integration
Saunders P, Haward M. 2016. (Ocean Development and International Law) Politics, science, and species protection law: a comparative consideration of southern and Atlantic bluefin tuna
Teh LSL, Cheung WWL, Sumaila UR. 2016. (Regional Environmental Change) Scenarios for investigating the future of Canada’s oceans and marine fisheries under environmental and socio-economic change
Teh LSL, Hotte N, Sumaila UR. 2017. (Maritime Studies) Having it all: can fisheries buybacks achieve capacity, economic, ecological, and social objectives?
Teh LSL et al. 2016. (PLoS One) Impact of high seas closure on food security in low income fish dependent countries
Tyson W, Lantz TC, Ban NC. 2016. (Arctic) Cumulative effects of environmental change on culturally significant ecosystems in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region
- Victoria, BC, March 7, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid. A simple bio-economic model of the effects of subsidies on small scale (pelagic) fisheries. Pices 2017 Pelagic Symposium.
- Seattle, WA, March 2, 2017. Pinkerton, Evelyn. Co-management and access presentation. Fisheries Access Workshop, University of Washington School of Marine and Environmental Affairs.
- Seattle, WA, March 2, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid. Effective high seas management is necessary for the sustainability of the global ocean. Fisheries Access Workshop, University of Washington School of Marine and Environmental Affairs.
- Seattle, WA, March 2, 2017. Teh, Lydia and Harrington, Lucy. Employment presentation. Fisheries Access Workshop, University of Washington School of Marine and Environmental Affairs.
- New York, NY, February 16, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid. Improve high seas fisheries management and increase economic, social and ecological benefits for our oceans. Our Ocean Our Future, High Seas Alliance and Natural Resources Defense Council, Ocean Conference Preparatory Meeting Side Event.
- Sapporo, Japan, Hokkaido University, February 2, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid. What is sustainability under the global warming? Sustainability and Ecology Seminar Talks, Institute for International Collaboration.
- Victoria, BC, January 24-25, 2017. Sumaila, Rashid. Ways to ensure future for fisheries. BC Young Fishermen’s Gathering.
- Winnipeg, MB, December 6-7, 2016. Hoover, Carie, MacMillan, K, MacPhee, S, and Loseto, L. Regional indicators for marine monitoring in the Inuvialuit Settlement Region. ArcticNet.
- Winnipeg, MB, December 6-7, 2016. Mauro, Ian. Fishing with our hands: visualizing commercial and traditional activities in Pangnirtung’s char fishery. ArcticNet.
- Winnipeg, MB, December 6-7, 2016. Newell, Sarah, and Doubleday, Nancy. Applying current ethical frameworks when conducting research in the Arctic. ArcticNet.
- Cancún, Mexico, December 1-2, 2016. Sumaila, Rashid. Biodiversity, resilience and sustainability. 3rd Science for Biodiversity Forum. Mainstreaming biodiversity for well- being: contributions from science.
- Vancouver, BC, November 24, 2016. Bennett, Nathan. Conservation social science: understanding and integrating human dimensions to improve local to global conservation policy and practice. Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability (IRES) Seminar Series (UBC).
See our website for a complete list of publications and presentations by Working Group.
New OceanCanada Cross-Cutting Themes Created
A key objective of the OceanCanada partnership is to integrate knowledge across academics, community stakeholders, and organizations (private and public sectors) and offer a new avenue for data sharing, cross-fertilization of ideas, co-creation of knowledge, and collaborative building of research and governance capacity for the benefit of both current and future generations of Canadians. At our May 2016 conference, OceanCanada members devoted much time to devising plans to integrate the research of our existing Working Groups: Atlantic, Pacific, and Arctic (regional); and National Data and Integrated Scenarios, Law and Policy, and Knowledge Mobilization (national).
Three new cross-cutting themes (CCTs) were created at this meeting – Access to Resources, Governance, and Changing Oceans, all in the context of ocean health and community well-being. Since our May conference, we have been working hard to advance the work of all groups to provide a more integrated approach to issues related to OceanCanada’s mandate.
The integrative and cross-cutting nature of these themes is captured in the OceanCanada Partnership roof. As depicted in this figure, the goal is to conduct research that cuts across scales and Working Groups
Structure for Cross-Cutting Themes
Each cross-cutting theme (CCT) has a coordinator who works with OceanCanada Director Rashid Sumaila to develop integrative projects, and draw people and resources from across the OceanCanada membership to execute the identified projects. Megan Bailey, CRC in Integrated Ocean and Coastal Governance at Dalhousie University, coordinates the Access to Resources CCT; Carie Hoover, Postdoctoral Fellow at the Centre for Earth Observation Science, University of Manitoba, leads the Governance CCT; and the Changing Oceans CCT is headed by William Cheung, Director of Science for the Nereus Program, University of British Columbia.
The first project for the cross-cutting themes is to develop a workshop on the three themes leading to one or more publications that integrate the regional and national groups’ existing research. Work has begun on this initiative with teleconferencing and the hiring of research assistants.
Together with the OceanCanada Director, theme coordinators will inspire, stimulate, and motivate all OceanCanada members to actively engage in cross-cutting and integrative work that meets the goals of OceanCanada.
Researcher in Profile – Dr. Rashid Sumaila
Dr. Sumaila, OceanCanada Director, is Professor with a joint appointment at the Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries (IOF) and the Liu Institute for Global Issues, and Director of the Fisheries Economics Research Unit (FERU) at the University of British Columbia. He has authored over 200 journal articles, including in Science, Nature and the Journal of Environmental Economics and Management. Dr. Sumaila is winner of the 2013 American Fisheries Society Excellence in Public Outreach award, the Stanford Leopold Leadership Fellowship, and the Pew Marine Fellowship. He has given talks at the UN Rio+20, the WTO, the White House, Canadian Parliament, State Department, African Union, European Parliament and the British House of Lords.
In 2016 Dr. Sumaila presented at numerous conferences, most notably the Our Ocean: One Future conference hosted by US Secretary of State John Kerry, where an address was made by President Barack Obama. Click here to view Dr. Sumaila’s talk (starting at about 8:50).
Other recent presentations were made at the following events:
- Piura, Peru, September 16-18, 2016. Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation (APEC) Climate Symposium, Smart Climate Information and Accountable Action: Achieving Sustainable Food Security in a Changing World.
- Washington, DC, September 14, 2016. Environment and Oceanic Affairs of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Chile and the National Geographic Society. Is the Paris Agreement Good News for the Ocean?
- Burnaby, BC, September 7, 2016. Public forum hosted by Terry Beech, Member of Parliament for Burnaby North-Seymour and members of Pacific Caucus on the proposed Trans Mountain Expansion project and an evidence-based discussion on Canada’s energy future.
- Natal, Brazil, August 10-17, 2016. Integrated Marine Biogeochemistry Ecosystem Research (IMBER) ClimEco5 Summer course for approximately 65 early career scholars.
- Vancouver, BC, July 26, 2016. Sea Around Us workshop funded through the MAVA Foundation. Lecture to West African researchers.
- Rome, Italy, March 7-9, 2016. 10X20 Initiative Conference on Marine Protected Areas, Scientific Consensus on MPA Financing, and MPA Financing: Why Invest in MPAs?
World Wildlife Fund-Canada has awarded one of its 2016 Loblaw Water Fund awards to ARCTIConnection (both are OceanCanada partners). For its project “Water quality and fish safety monitoring in the Keewatin Watershed of Arviat, Nunavut,” ARCTIConnection will employ both Inuit knowledge and community-based science to establish a baseline for water quality and fish health near Arviat, part of one of Canada’s least known freshwater systems, the Keewatin Watershed. Read more.
Ecotrust has released the Atlas of Cumulative Landscape Disturbance in the Traditional Territory of Blueberry River First Nations. The 2016 Atlas shows that the Province of BC has not only continued industrial development in the area, but has done so at an accelerated rate, despite its knowledge of the worsening cumulative effects on the Blueberry River First Nations traditional territory. Read more.
OceanCanada welcomes the following organizations as new partners:
Canadian Rivers Institute
Canadian Rivers Institute (CRI) researchers make significant contributions to advancing aquatic sciences, forging industrial partnerships and government collaborations, and building the infrastructure to train and deliver the next generation of water resource scientists in Canada and beyond. Contact Simon Courtenay.
Oceana Canada is an independent charity established to restore Canadian oceans to be as rich, healthy, and abundant as they once were. Founded in 2001, Oceana is the largest international organization focused solely on ocean conservation and includes organizations in Brazil, Belize, Chile, the European Union, Peru, the Philippines and the United States. Oceana organizations work in their home regions to educate the public about ocean conservation issues and to raise the profile of ocean conservation with decision-makers. Contact Robert Rangeley.
United Nations University – Institute for Water, Environment and Health
The UNU Institute for Water, Environment and Health (UNU-INWEH) responds directly to the global water crisis and facilitates global efforts to meet the UN Millennium Development Goals (MDGs). The Institute’s three core mandates are to help developing countries meet the MDGs through capacity development, facilitate knowledge enhancement and networking to address the global water crisis, and foster better approaches to water management and governance through applied research designed to fill critical policy gaps. Contact Nidhi Nagabhatla.
Sidney Fels, Professor in the University of British Columbia’s Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering, has joined OceanCanada as a collaborator. Professor Fels’ expertise will assist us in enhancing our communications strategy in terms of our web presence and data management.
Research in the News
- Arctic haven for belugas becomes Canada’s newest protected area.
Globe and Mail, November 16.
- Indigenous knowledge and climate change.
University of Winnipeg News Centre, October 26.
- Liu professor sets scene at 2016 Our Ocean conference.
Liu Institute for Global Issues, September 22.
- Public forum on pipeline and energy strategy at SFU held by Terry Beech.
The Peak, September 12.
- I cambiamenti climatici causeranno forti perdite economiche al settore ittico.
pesceinrete, September 12.
- UBC report: climate change will decimate fisheries.
Global News, September 8.
- Future fisheries can expect $10 billion revenue loss due to climate change.
Science Daily, September 6.
- High seas fisheries management could recoup losses due to climate change.
UBC News, August 30.
- One of the world’s biggest fisheries is on the verge of collapse.
National Geographic, August 29.
WWF-Canada warns that small fish are in big trouble.
World Wildlife Fund News, August 2.
OceanCanada has just released a short video of Natalie Ban, Pacific Region Working Group Co-Lead, talking about the importance of ocean sustainability for coastal communities. View it here.
Click on the titles for author information and abstracts.
- Vancouver (UBC), BC, November 25, 2016. Juan José Alava. Exploring the impact of climate change on the bioaccumulation of chemical pollutants in a marine food web from the northeastern Pacific: an EwE model approach. Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries Seminar Series.
- Vancouver (UBC), BC, November 24, 2016. Nathan Bennett. Conservation social science: understanding and integrating human dimensions to improve local to global conservation policy and practice. Institute for Resources, Environment and Sustainability (IRES) Seminar Series.
- Nanaimo, BC, June 24, 2016. Andrés Cisneros-Montemayor. DFO State of the Pacific Ocean Meeting.
- Vancouver, BC, April 13-15, 2016. Nathan Bennett and Charlotte Whitney. Adaptive capacity: from assessment to action in social-ecological systems. Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference.
- Vancouver, BC, April 13-15, 2016. Haley Milko and Evelyn Pinkerton. Dilemmas in First Nations’ Monitoring of LNG Developments on the Skeena River Watershed. Salish Sea Ecosystem Conference.
- Ottawa, ON, February 22, 2016. Nathan Bennett. Making real progress on marine protected areas in Canada. All Party Ocean Caucus.
- Hobart, Australia, February 9-12, 2016. David VanderZwaag. Marine species on the move in the northwest Atlantic: sea of governance challenges. Species on the Move Conference, Institute for Marine and Antarctic Studies (IMAS) and University of Tasmania. See our website for a complete list of publications and presentations by Working Group.
Have a happy holiday season, and all the best in 2017!
OceanCanada Conference in Vancouver May 23 - 27
The second OceanCanada Partnership conference was held in Vancouver from May 24-27 on the beautiful grounds of the University of British Columbia. The conference brought together more than 60 researchers, students and post- doctoral fellows, advisory board members, community and institutional partners to take stock of our activities and work towards an integrated research agenda. Through a series of panels and group discussions, round tables and workshops, the conference delegates identiﬁed the emerging threats, challenges, and opportunities facing Canada’s oceans and coastal communities, and began the difﬁcult task of synthesizing research priorities.
OceanCanada Researchers Attend CoastalZone Conference in Toronto
OceanCanada investigators joined researchers from around the world to explore integrated ocean, coastal, lake and watershed management at the 2016 CoastalZone Conference in Toronto, June 12-16.
Researcher Profile: Dr. Natalie Ban
Dr Natalie Ban is an assistant professor in the School of Environmental Studies at the University of Victoria, where she leads the Marine Ethnoecology Research group. Trained in geography (B.A. and M.A. in geography from McGill), resource management and environmental studies (PhD from UBC Fisheries Centre), Dr Natalie Ban draws upon many disciplines from natural and social sciences in her work. Her research interests span ethnoecology, conservation biology, marine spatial planning, conservation planning and implementation, and evaluation and mapping of cumulative impacts, mainly in marine and coastal systems, with funding from both SSHRC and NSERC, among others.
Student Blog Entry: Irene Brueckner-Irwin
Irene Brueckner-Irwin presented a poster at the Bay of Fundy Ecosystem Partnership biennial science workshop from June 8-10 in Fredericton. The theme of the meeting was “Fundy in Flux: Challenges for Science, Policy and Society”. Read about Irene’s experience at the workshop on her blog post.
“Last week, I attended the “Fundy in Flux: Challenges for Science, Policy and Society” science workshop, hosted by the Bay of Fundy Ecosystem Partnership (BoFEP) in Fredericton. BoFEP is a transdisciplinary partnership which promotes ecological integrity, biodiversity, and productivity for the wellbeing of coastal communities. The workshop was an effective way to share knowledge about the dynamic state of the Bay of Fundy, highlighting the importance of place-based science communication as a way to address the challenges and opportunities of complexity and uncertainty.”
OceanCanada Research in the News
Insurance industry unknowingly supports illegal ﬁshing, UBC researchers say.
CBC, July 1
Obama urged to create world’s largest marine reserve
Saipant Tribune, June 27
Nutrition: Fall in ﬁsh catch threatens human health
Nature, June 15
Ten per cent of world could face malnutrition as ﬁsh stocks tumble
Globe and Mail, June 15
Why some coral reefs thrive as others die off
CBC, June 15
One-Fifth of the Global Population Risks Malnutrition As Fish Stocks Decline
Vice (Motherboard), June 15
Greetings and welcome to the Spring 2016 edition of the OceanCanada Newsletter! In this edition you’ll find updates from across the partnership, an interview with advisory board chair Rosemary Ommer, profiles of OCP investigators, students, and post-doctoral fellows, and an interactive map of HQP developed by Evan Andrews (University of Waterloo).
Recently, I’ve been connecting with co-investigators and collaborators across the country, which has allowed me to visit partner sites and explore opportunities for project-wide integration and impact. Our upcoming conference in May at UBC will further our holistic and collaborative approach to research that benefits Canada and its coastal communities. I look forward to further engagement, within and beyond our partnership, and welcome your feedback.
Rashid Sumaila, OceanCanada Scientific Director
Highlights from across the partnership
Welcome – Dr. Simon Courtenay joins the Atlantic working group
Co-Investigator with the Atlantic Working Group, and Scientific Director of the Canadian Water Network at the School of Environment, Resources and Sustainability, University of Waterloo
Editorial – Sustainability of our fisheries requires bold political leadership
Co-authored by David VanderZwaag, Co-lead Law & Policy working group. Policy Options Magazine
Workshop – Dr. Nancy Doubleday and Students at McMaster Water Forum
Sarah Newell (PhD. candidate) and Kathryn Pringle (B.A. candidate) present research at conference with Dr. Nancy Doubleday, Co-Lead Arctic working group
Workshop – Projecting the Arctic Marine Ecosystem Response to Climate Change on a Regional Scale: Developing a Canadian Arctic Ecosystem Model
Presented by Nadja Steiner co-investigator with the National Data and Integrated Scenarios working group, at the DFO-ACCASP meeting on March 3, 2016
Workshop – DFO-Gulf Region synthesis workshop on Northumberland Strait
Attended by Atlantic working group members Dr. Simon Courtenay and Nicole Stamnes. February 2016.
Research – Global Fisheries Subsidies: An Updated Estimate
Co-authored by Rashid Sumaila, OceanCanada Research Director. Marine Policy (in print).
Research – Climate Change could cut First Nation’s Fisheries in Half
Co-authored by Lauren V. Weatherdon and William Cheung, co-investigators with the OceanCanada
Pacfic working group and the Nereus Program at UBC
A Conversation with Rosemary Ommer
Chair of OceanCanada’s Advisory Board
The first in our knowledge mobilization series with OceanCanada researchers and advisors talking about the partnership and the future of Canada’s oceans.
Researcher profile: Dr. William Cheung, UBC
Dr. William Cheung is co-lead of the OceanCanada National Data and Integrated Scenario working group, Associate Professor and Director (Science) of the Nippon Foundation-UBC Nereus Program at the Institute for the Oceans and Fisheries.
His main research areas include understanding the responses and vulnerabilities of marine ecosystems and fisheries to global change, and examining trade-offs in managing and conserving living marine resources. His works cut across multiple disciplines, from oceanography to ecology, economics and social sciences, and range from local to global scales.
Welcome to new graduate students and researchers!
A number of new students and researchers have joined the OceanCanada partnership in the last 4 months. Over the next year we endeavour to profile this outstanding community of High Quality Personnel (HQP) and the research contributions they are making to our partnership. This month, we welcome 4 new additions to the Atlantic working group!
Masters student in the School of Environment, Resources and Sustainability at the University of Waterloo.
PhD student at the School of Environment, Resources and Sustainability at the University of Waterloo.
Postdoctoral researcher with the Environmental Change and Governance Group at the University of Waterloo.
Masters student in the School of Environment, Resources and Sustainability at the University of Waterloo.
Mapping students and post-doctoral researchers
The Atlantic Working Group, led by Dr. Derek Armitage and Evan Andrews, is creating an interactive map of students and post-doctoral researchers across the OceanCanada partnership. The map provides a public platform that students and HQP can use to connect with each other for discussion and collaboration.
Ocean news from around the world
Oceans North Canada calls for Inuit input on Arctic Shipping Corridors
The 37-page report outlines several key recommendations, including the need for a new management structure to govern the areas in the corridors initiative. The organization (a program of The Pew Charitable Trusts) wants to see the creation of a commission co-chaired by the Coast Guard and Inuit beneficiaries.
Conservation in the Age of Climate Change: Why Scientists Are Banking on Drones for Tracking Coastal Climate Research
“UAVs are really at the forefront of improving climate models” by helping scientists better understand the energy transfers between the surface and atmosphere, DeBoer says… “There is inherent uncertainty in doing this sort of [climate modeling] work… and that feeds into how policymakers and industry can use these projections in a meaningful way” to mitigate the impacts of climate change.
Nasa examine’s El Nino’s impact on ocean’s food source
El Nino years can have a big impact on phytoplankton in the ocean, and NASA scientists are studying the relationship between the two…These impacts, which researchers can visualize with satellite data, can ripple up the food chain to fisheries and the livelihoods of fishermen.
Lessons for assessing and building adaptive capacity of coastal social ecological systems
Charlotte Whitney and Nathan Bennett
On November 19-20, 2015, the OceanCanada Pacific Working Group hosted a workshop on adaptive capacity to climate change, a theme with application to specific OceanCanada research objectives within both the Pacific region and nationally. The workshop brought together several researchers from across the OceanCanada Partnership, including Natalie Ban, Ian Perry, Nancy Turner, Jessica Blythe, Derek Armitage, William Cheung, Elena Finkbeiner, Eddie Allison, Maery Kaplan-Hallam, Rashid Sumaila, Kai Chan, and Lily Yumagulova.
Researchers discussed the application of adaptive capacity research to coastal social- ecological systems. The main objectives of the workshop were to explore the variety of approaches used to understand the socio-economic and biophysical changes that are occurring in coastal social-ecological systems and the adaptive capacity of coastal communities. These different approaches to analyzing adaptive capacity have benefits and drawbacks, but to the best of our knowledge, there has not been a comprehensive review of the different methods that can be used to assess adaptive capacity. We explored the strengths, drawbacks, and insights of the range of approaches for analyzing adaptive capacity, and discussed how might these different approaches be applied to analyze the adaptive capacity of linked social-ecological systems.
The outcomes and follow-up from this workshop are twofold: First, we are preparing a paper describing the diversity of assessment tools for studying adaptive capacity, with a set of best practices and considerations, with linked examples and case studies. Second, we intend to develop a decision tool for managers, researchers, and communities that can be applied across regions to further the goals of OceanCanada – namely, to enhance our understanding of the threats facing Canada’s oceans and proactively work towards building adaptive capacity to climate change and associated impacts to coastal social-ecological systems.
James Simonee, sampling fish in Pond Inlet, where local youth are assessing the impact of shipping on marine resources.
OceanCanada supports launching of new ocean-focused and community-based initiative in Pond Inlet, Nunavut
Vincent L’Hérault, ARCTIConnexion
Four years have passed since I first met James Simonee, who was then a student at the Environment Technology Program, Nunavut Arctic College. James is a prolific young hunter who has a deep connection to his culture, a natural curiosity for science and a global vision on the modern challenges that threaten the environment and the marine resources he and his community rely on.
When I met James again in Pond Inlet in 2014, our discussion rapidly led to a mutual interest in working together. Together, we have worked hard to develop a research project that can assess the pressing issue of marine shipping and its impact on the marine resources: whales, seals and fishes, in particular. We have developed a novel paradigm, one in which a young local researcher can take the lead and continually explore and increase research skills while being mentored and supported by a team of researchers.
By spring 2015, we raised enough support to get started on a first trial for the monitoring of Arctic char’s ecology and contaminants in the vicinity of Pond Inlet, along the shipping route utilized for the exportation of ore outwards towards the Eclipse Sound. James has since participated in local training delivered by the Government of Nunavut, Department of Environment, and Nunavut Research Institute, captured and sampled fishes, and worked with local fishers and elders. James is also now participating in data-analysis training with OceanCanada partner, ARCTIConnexion, in Québec City and we are planning our next winter trip for fish sampling scheduled for February 2016.
Our project envisions a fresh definition of partnership and knowledge production in the field of ocean research, by and for local actors. It is designed to advance OceanCanada’s core goal of developing a Canada-wide vision of our three oceans with integrated knowledge and contribution of local stakeholders.
Winter 2015 OceanCanada Core and Related Research
Doubly lucky: Economic impact of the English Bay bunker oil spill of April 2015
An estimation of the economic impacts of the 2015 English Bay, BC, oil spill on Metro Vancouver’s marine-related economic activities, including commercial fishing and tourism activities.
Taking stock and projecting the future of South China Sea fisheries
An application of OceanCanada’s “taking stock” framework for assessing the economic, social and ecological status of fisheries in the South China Sea.
Canada at a crossroad: The imperative for realigning ocean policy with ocean science
An analysis of the gap between Canada’s ocean policy and management activities and ocean science, with key recommendations for Canada’s next government.
Winter 2015 OceanCanada Activities
OceanCanada Director and National Data and Integrated Scenarios Co-lead Rashid Sumaila presented at international forums, including: Congressional Briefing on the fisheries subsidies provisions in Environment Chapter of the Trans-Pacific Partnership Agreement in Washington D.C., November, 2015; Royal Society of Canada Symposium on Social license and marine biodiversity in Victoria, November, 2015.
Communications and Outreach Working Group Co-lead, Eric Solomon, recently conducted workshops in four communities: Kugluktuk, Gjoa Haven, Cambridge Bay and Pond Inlet.
These workshops were geared to identifying priority environmental issues of concern to local communities.The workshops explored the strengths of Inuit Qaujimajatuqangit (Inuit Traditional Knowledge) and science, focusing on ways to combine the two to address environmental issues of concern to the communities.
Vina Brown, Heiltsuk woman from Bella Bella visited The University of Winnipeg. She is developing a participatory documentary film in collaboration with the Communication and Outreach Working Group Co-lead Ian Mauro and OceanCanada Master’s student, Hillary Beattie: Tribal Journeys. Started in 1993 by Heiltsuk leader Frank Brown, the gathering has inspired the revival of canoe culture, and now each year communities across the Pacific coast carve canoes and travel to various regions of the coast to engage in cultural sharing and discussions regarding cultural and ecological sustainability.
Phillip Saunders helped organize a panel on International Law and Resource Management at the Canadian Council on International Law in November, 2015. He presented a paper titled, Management of Highly Migratory Species; Coherence, Chaos and Creative
Conflict, based on research on ICCATT and other RFMOs research conducted last summer.
Members of the OceanCanada Law and Policy Working Group participated in a Canadian Fisheries Research Network workshop in Halifax in November, 2015.
Paige Olmstead, OceanCanada Master’s student, presented at the Canadian and US Societies for Ecological Economics Conference in Vancouver in October, 2015. The presentation was titled, Enhancing stewardship through monetary mechanisms? A new approach for conservation finance.
OceanCanada PhD Student Charlotte Whitney and Postdoc Nathan Bennett organized a workshop on adaptive capacity of coastal communities at The University of British
Columbia, November 19-20, 2015.
OceanCanada Atlantic Working Group sponsored Dr. Ratana Chuenpagdee, Memorial University, to deliver a presentation on the governability challenge of small-scale fisheries at the University of Waterloo in November, 2015.
The Atlantic Working Group held several meetings over the fall of 2015 to develop a research framework and bowtie analysis of cumulative effects monitoring and policy for Northumberland Strait. Participants in these meetings included representatives of the Canadian Fisheries Research Network, the Canadian Water Network, St. Mary’s University, and Fisheries and Oceans Canada.
D.R. Fraser Taylor, Theresa Scassa and Amos Hayes, members of the Arctic Working Group, delivered several presentations at the International Polar Data Forum II at the University of Waterloo, October 2015: Legal and Ethical Norms for Incorporating Traditional Knowledge in Polar Data Infrastructures (Taylor and Scassa); Using Nunaliit for Diverse and Distributed Knowledge Management (Hayes); Data Rescue and Preservation (Taylor).
Arctic Working Group Co-lead D.R. Fraser Taylor and Amos Hayes visited the National Museum of Denmark, Copenhagen, to deliver a series of presentations on cybercartography and Traditional Inuit Knowledge.
Amos Hayes, Arctic Working Group member, demonstrated the new Nunaliit platform in several venues in fall 2015: for members of the OceanCanada Scientific Committee; at a community-mapping symposium at Concordia University and for the Geographical Names Board of Canada.
Members of the National Data and Integrated Scenarios Working Group continues to hold monthly workshops and meetings for its members.
The first version of a living database has been developed by the National Data and Integrated Scenarios Working Group. A series of cross-Partnership meetings were held in November 2015 to develop a platform for data sharing within the OceanCanada Partnership and with external stakeholders.
OceanCanada in the News
Our researchers have received great media coverage this winter. Please visit our website for links to interviews, articles and pictures.
In addition, all Newsletters can be be downloaded in their original format.